The lighting design uses color light to match the performance to create a stage atmosphere, which is a complex artistic creation process. This process reflects the designer's artistic accomplishment and technical experience. Different contents and forms of performances have different lighting designs, and there are almost no fixed methods and skills. Below we will introduce you to several methods and techniques of using stage color light in stage lighting technology.
1. The use of the same color light
The same color light refers to a group of color lights that are basically similar in hue but different in concentration. For example, blue has medium blue, green blue, bright blue, light blue, sky blue, etc.; pink has orange pink, bright pink, pink, light pink, etc. Lighting design uses the same color light to create a lighting atmosphere, mainly using their differences in brightness and color perception to form light and dark layers on the stage. If the stage is covered with bright pink light, and the side of the entrance door is used with pink light, the lighting effect is based on the pink tone, with a certain difference in light and shade.
Furthermore, we can use the same color light to highlight the local performance area. In the performance area with medium blue light, the light blue is used to project the local performance area with the side lights on both sides of the stage. Due to the difference in brightness, the local performance area will be highlighted. Other "blues", such as bright blue light, sky blue light, etc., can also be used according to different needs. As for the lamps and lanterns, according to the scheduling of the characters and the position of the scenery, the backlight, the bridge light on both sides, and the top light of the platform can be selected. The changes of the parts can obtain different light and shadow effects.
Second, the use of contrasting color light
Contrasting light refers to the contrast between cool light and warm light. In use, cool light and warm light are projected to the characters or scenery in the performance area from different directions. Due to the contrast and contrast of the color light, a relatively strong color light effect can be obtained. In addition to setting off the atmosphere, it can also enhance the three-dimensional sense of characters or scenery. When using contrasting color light, it is necessary to master the choice of different parts, such as front light and top projection light, front light and top backlight, opposite projection of flowing light on both sides, etc. Use the side light parts of the flyovers on both sides to project the performance area symmetrically with red and green light. According to the required light and shadow effect, if the requirement is strong, the light can use medium blue light, if the requirement is more subtle, and the light can use sky blue or light blue light. This method of color distribution can exchange a variety of colors, such as red and medium blue, orange and medium blue, pink and medium green and other contrasting colors. At the same time, it is necessary to master the changing relationship between the color, brightness and contrasting color light of the front light. If the front light and top backlight use contrasting color light, use sky blue light for the front of the stage and pink light for the backlight.
In this way, in the crisp blue tones, the characters are lined with bright pink light. When using this method of lighting color, the backlight has enough brightness to get the color effect of the backlight. When using the canopy, it should be noted that the light color of the backlight should be different from the color of the canopy. If you use a dark background, pay attention to the direction and angle of the backlight beam, so as not to affect the harmony of the stage picture.
3. The use of single color light
Monochromatic light means that only one color light is used in the performance area to form the lighting atmosphere required for the performance. According to the requirements of creation, you can choose either cool light, or
Optional warm light. The biggest feature of using a single color light is that the light color is relatively bright, and there will be no dilution or change between the color lights. In the performance scheduling of drama and dance, sometimes a single color light is used to highlight a group of shapes that need to be expressed. For example, in theatrical performances, medium blue or light green light is often used to express night or dawn.
In dance performances, a single color light is often used to set off the strong lighting atmosphere of the group dance, and it is used to enhance the performance atmosphere of the stage with the changing mood and rhythm of the dance. When using a single color light, the light and shade are generally not emphasized. If a slight difference between light and shade is required, various methods can be adopted. For example, one side has more lights and the other side has fewer lights; if the lamps on both sides are the same, it can be placed on the other side. Add yarn; you can also use the control system to slightly darken the light on one side.
Fourth, the application of the same color light
The same color light refers to the same cool color light or the same warm color light. Commonly used cool colors are medium blue, green blue, bright blue, brilliant blue, sky blue, light sky blue, dark green, medium green, light green, brilliant green, purple, light purple, green lotus, etc.; warm colors include red, red, etc. , bright rose, deep pink, bright pink, deep orange red, orange red, golden orange, golden amber, light coincidence, golden yellow, medium golden yellow, etc. Taking the middle blue in the cool color light as the basic color light, and using the middle green light on the side of the exit door, it can form the feeling under the moonlight at night. If you need to enhance the brightness of the front, you can change the front light to sky blue or a lighter medium blue. If the light amber in the warm color light is used as the basic color light, and the red light is used on the side of the entrance gate, a relatively prosperous atmosphere can be formed.
When using color light to create an atmosphere, it is necessary to grasp the relationship between the light and shadow effect of the color light, the position of the lamp, and the brightness of the color light. The whole stage is covered with orange-red light, and a golden backlight is projected to the front part of the stage in the later part of the stage. In this way, the backlight of the golden light on the characters in the performance area is very clear. If the parts of these two shades of light are exchanged, the backlight of the orange-red light on the character will appear dim. Only by increasing the lamps and the intensity of the orange-red light, can a more distinct backlighting and shadow be obtained.